diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy: Tips for Managing Your Eye Health with Diabetes

Individuals with diabetes are at increased risk of developing certain eye conditions. This includes diabetic retinopathy, a leading cause of blindness in American adults. With proper treatment, the progression of this eye disease can be stopped and vision loss can be prevented. Dr. Irshad is board-certified by the American Academy of Ophthalmology and can help you take the first steps toward better vision with diabetes. He offers the following information.

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy in AustinDiabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that causes the blood vessels in the retina to weaken. The early stage of the disease is known as nonproliferative retinopathy, which is when the blood vessels swell and lead. As the disease progresses, it is referred to as proliferative retinopathy, a condition in which new blood vessels begin to grow. However, these new vessels develop abnormally, grow onto the retinal surface, and can interfere with the vitreous, causing vision loss.

Be Observant of Any Vision Changes

Like many other eye diseases, diabetic retinopathy may not cause any symptoms in its early stage. In fact, you may not notice any symptoms until damage has already occurred. Being vigilant when it comes to any changes in the function of your eyes or the quality of your vision can help. Symptoms such as distorted vision, colors that appear faded, low vision at night and dark spots in your visual field could mean it is time to check in with a skilled eye care provider.

Eye Examinations

Eye exams can help our professionals spot signs of eye disease early on, sometimes before the disease causes significant or permanent damage. Tests administered during your exam may help identify diabetic retinopathy. These may include the following tests:

  • Visual acuity
  • Eye pressure
  • Side vision

Your pupils may also be dilated, which helps our skilled doctors identify atypical blood vessels, swelling of the retina, and any bleeding within the eye.

Consider Your Treatment Options

Dr. Irshad will design a treatment plan based on the progression of the disease, your risk of vision loss, your overall health, and other important factors. Treatment options may include:

Laser eye surgery: A laser may be used to improve retinal swelling as well as the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels, allowing you to retain your vision.

Vitrectomy: If the blood vessels have already started to leak, a vitrectomy may be recommended. The procedure involves a small incision in the eye, through which scar tissue can be removed.

Injections: Special injections can be administered that help delay the progression of the disease.

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment in Austin

If you suspect you have diabetic retinopathy, it is time to schedule an appointment at Eye Clinic of Austin. One of our highly trained eye doctors will meet with you during your consultation and provide information regarding your options for treatment. Request an appointment online or call our office to get started.

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